The Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA) course is for those who travel hours away from help with limited resources.
Learn advanced medical treatments for wilderness settings. Emphasis is on providing care for extended periods while waiting for additional resources.
- Learn through hands-on training sessions, as well as classroom lecture and discussion
- Prepare for backcountry emergencies in realistic scenarios with stage blood and simulated wounds
- Gain skills on one of the best courses you’ll ever experience—delivered by professional, dynamic and fun instructors
- Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA) certification
- CPR A (CPR for adults, includes AED training) certification
- Included materials: Textbook, notebook (with WMA lecture notes), SOAP note booklet, waterproof WMA field guide
Your certification is valid for 3 years from the date of issue.
Graduates of Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA) can upgrade to Wilderness First Responder (WFR) by taking the WFR-Bridge course within 3 years of their original certification.
- General concepts of wilderness medicine and the Patient Assessment System
- CPR, AED, and basic life support skills
- Anatomy and major problems of the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems
- Musculoskeletal injury assessment and splinting
- Spine injury assessment and management
- Allergies and anaphylaxis
- Medical emergencies such as asthma and diabetes
- Wound and burn management
- Environmental problems such as hypothermia, heat illnesses, lightning, and drowning
- Backcountry medicine and toxins, bites, and stings
- Medical legal issues
- And more…
Course format and overview
You must be 16 years of age to participate. 16 and 17 year olds need parental consent.
There are no course prerequisites for Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA). However, once registered, you’ll be sent a link to our online learning platform. Here you can:
- access optional pre-course material for you to review
- read and sign your course waiver forms
After registering, participants will receive a Student Information Package by email with specific meeting times for their course. Typically classes are from 8:30am – 5:30pm.
Assessment and evaluation for certification
Practical assessment is ongoing. There is a written test on the last day of the course; students must receive a grade of 80% or higher.
Instructors will do everything they can to accommodate students with different learning styles and needs. Let us know what we can do to help you succeed.
Attendance is mandatory
Attendance for 100% of class time is mandatory. If you cannot make a session you must get permission from the instructor in advance. Students who miss a section of the course without pre-approval may be asked to leave the course for the sake and safety of the other students.
What to pack
Please bring appropriate clothing and equipment to be comfortable outside for the entire day. If your course is in late fall, winter, or early spring this means:
- lots of thick, warm layers
- extra toques, mitts, socks, and footwear
- and lots of snack food
If you eat well, layer-up, and have extra dry items to change into, you’ll stay functional, get the most out of your training, and have the best chance of achieving certification. certification.
EQUIPMENT & SUPPLIES
- A large backpack so you can carry extra food, water, clothing, and equipment for yourself
- Day pack for storing your clothing and belongings during class
- Drybag or waterproof stuff sack to keep your textbooks and learning materials in throughout the course (to leave in the outdoor ‘classroom’ area)
- A set of clothing that can be stained and cut during simulations (expect to throw these away)
- Face masks (non-surgical) which covers your nose, mouth, and chin
- Eye protection: this must be commercial eye protection with side guards. Prescription glasses alone are not safety eyewear. The eyewear must have side shields. Full face shields are also acceptable.
- Hand sanitizer with 80% alcohol
- Notebook and pens
- Waterproof digital watch (for taking vital signs). This is mandatory, you can’t use a smart phone.
- Water bottle(s) or hydration pack x 2 litres
- Snack foods (lots!)
- Bug repellent and headnet (season dependent)
- Headlamp with extra batteries
- Something to sit and lie on outside such as an insulate pad
- Personal medications
- Personal hygiene products
- Optional: Sunglasses
- Optional: Coffee or tea thermos
- Optional: Waterproof paper and pen
- Optional: Skis, snowshoes (for winter courses), bicycle, or hiking gear (for spring, summer, fall)
- Synthetic or wool base layers top and bottom Synthetic or wool insulation layers
- Waterproof jacket and pants
- Warm socks (pack extras)
- *Shoes or boots appropriate for weather and rough terrain – an extra pair in case one get’s wet is a good idea.
- 2 x Toque (warm hat), scarf or neck warmer (winter courses), or sun hat
- 2 or 3 x Liner gloves / mitts and *over mittens (winter courses)
*Note: in cold conditions, roominess in your boots and mitts makes all the difference for warmth. If they’re too tight fitting—your feet and hands will be cold.
CAMPING SUPPLIES (OPTIONAL)
From April 15th – Oct 20th, you can camp onsite for $20/night. You’ll have access to indoor bathrooms and showers and drinking water (outdoor tap), but no other facilities.
- All of your camping and cooking equipment
- Breakfast and supper food
Partnered with Wilderness Medical Associates (WMA)
For our medical courses, we partner with Wilderness Medical Associates. WMA has set the standard in wilderness medicine and rescue training for over 30 years. The cutting-edge curriculum is constantly updated by a group of healthcare professionals, has been taught on all 7 continents, and is recognized around the world.
Be sure to read our cancellation policy.
- The Barn was an ideal location to stage the WAFA training. Comfort, logistics and outdoor spaces were perfect for this... read moreThe Barn was an ideal location to stage the WAFA training. Comfort, logistics and outdoor spaces were perfect for this type of course. Well done. read lessMarty Laforest 04 Dec 2019Excellent training that combined theory and hands-on learning better than any other First Aid course I have taken. I feel... read moreExcellent training that combined theory and hands-on learning better than any other First Aid course I have taken. I feel confident in the course material thanks to our fantastic teachers, Mike and Charles, and on top of learning a lot of content, had a blast doing so! read lessMegan Norland 04 Dec 2019The instruction was top notch. They created a great learning environment and realistic scenarios that helped me imagine myself in... read moreThe instruction was top notch. They created a great learning environment and realistic scenarios that helped me imagine myself in an actual rescue. Thanks Danny and Mike. read lessKate Brennan 05 Dec 2018
- Excellent training that combined theory and hands-on learning better than any other First Aid course I have taken. I feel... read moreExcellent training that combined theory and hands-on learning better than any other First Aid course I have taken. I feel confident in the WAFA course material thanks to our fantastic teachers, Mike and Charles, and on top of learning a lot of content, had a blast doing so! read lessMegan Norland 04 Dec 2019The 4-day WFA course was of great value. I would recommend anyone who takes this course do the full 8-day... read moreThe 4-day WFA course was of great value. I would recommend anyone who takes this course do the full 8-day First Responder course to really allow the material to sink in! Great value and professional instruction. read lessNicholas Castel 18 Jun 2021I took the WAFA course in Wakefield with Danny. Great course run by an excellent instructor. Very knowledgeable and progressed... read moreI took the WAFA course in Wakefield with Danny. Great course run by an excellent instructor. Very knowledgeable and progressed through the course at a good speed. Practice information presented in an interactive format. I highly recommend Boreal and Danny for any courses! read lessEein Pi 03 Apr 2018